The other historical city – Bukhara is located a few hours of driving from Samarkand to the west. This is city served as the center of trade, scholarship, culture and religion in the Great Silk Road.
This city was mentioned in a holy book “Avesto”. Bukhara city is supposed to be founded in the 13th cent. B.C. during the reign of Siyavushids who came to power 980 years before Alexander the Great. The name of Bukhara originates from the word “vihara” which means “monastery” in Sanskrit.
Bukhara is well-known in the Islamic world, there are more than 350 mosques and 100 religious colleges. With more than 140 architectural monuments it is a real “town museum”. Ensembles like Poi-Kalyan, Ismail Samani Mausoleum, Ark Citadel, Lyabi-Khauz are attracting a lot of attention of tourists.
The history of Bukhara stretches back millennia. During the golden age of the Samanids Bukhara became a major intellectual center of the Islamic world, second only to Baghdad. Bukhara has been one of the main centers of world civilization from its early days in 6th century BCE. From the 6th century CE, Turkic speakers gradually moved in. Its architecture and archaeological sites form one of the pillars of Central Asian history and art. The region of Bukhara was a part of the Persian Empire for a long time. The origin of many of its current inhabitants goes back to the period of Aryan immigration into the region.
The Samanid Empire seized Bukhara, the capital of Greater Khorasan, in 903 CE. Genghis Khan besieged Bukhara for fifteen days in 1220 CE. As an important trading center, Bukhara was home to a community of medieval Indian merchants from the city of Multan (modern-day Pakistan) who were noted to own land in the city.
Again, it is a must-see destination if you are in Uzbekistan. Visit Bukhara and enjoy spiritual journey to the past…